A Safety and Health Management System (SHMS) is a systematic approach to managing safety and health activities by integrating occupational safety and health programs, policies, and objectives into organizational policies and procedures.
A safe and healthy workplace not only protects workers from injury and illness, it can also lower injury/illness costs, reduce absenteeism and turnover, increase productivity and quality, and raise employee morale. In other words, safety is good for business. Plus, protecting workers is the right thing to do.
Work-related injuries and diseases occur as a result of unsafe acts and conditions. Unsafe acts occur when employees are unaware of hazards and proper work practices.
Unsafe conditions may arise out of ignorance or a lack of diligence in ensuring a safe and healthy working environment.
Work-related accidents and diseases can be prevented by first identifying the hazard and then taking appropriate preventive measures. Preventive measures and recommended good practices are described in this section.
- Ensure that goods and materials are stored in a safe and orderly manner.
- Ensure that there is sufficient space for movement around the work area, especially in common corridors.
- Ensure that walkways are free from obstructions (e.g., if there are cabinets along the walkways, ensure that all cabinet doors are closed when not in use).
- Wear appropriate footwear, for example, safety boots
- Provide adequate lighting.
- Do not rush through swing doors, especially when pushing trolleys.
- Mark transparent glass doors or panels with translucent tape.
- Put up warning signs where appropriate.
- Insert glass panels for doors which are totally opaque.
Workplace safety is very important for each and every employee in the industry because all the workers desire to work in a safe and protected atmosphere. Health and safety is the key factor for all the industries in order to promote the wellness of both employees and employers.
If you can get your employees to take these five simple steps every day, you’re well on the way to improved safety performance and zero accidents.
If employees don’t know what the hazards are or could be they can’t effectively protect against them. Employees therefore should:
- Think about the tasks they perform and what could go wrong and cause an accident.
- Inspect their work area and workstation at the beginning of every work shift.
- Inspect equipment, PPE, and materials before use.
- Consider their safety attitude and fitness to work (for example, are they rested? concentrating? limber?).
Before starting a job, employees should think about such things as:
- PPE, equipment, and materials they will be working with
- Specific tasks they will be performing
- Where and with whom they will be working
- Applicable safety procedures and rules
- What they would need to do in the event of an emergency
WSH Training team offers affordable program to handle your OSHA-mandated training needs.
To work safely, employees must pay attention while they work.
- Give the task their full attention.
- Avoid distractions.
- Beware of becoming complacent about safety or taking shortcuts, no matter how many times they’ve performed a task or how many years of experience they have.
- Pay attention to people and conditions around them and of any changes in activities or conditions that could create new or different hazards.
Employees should ask their supervisor whenever:
- They’re not sure what to do or do not understand a safety rule or procedure
- They’re unsure whether something is a hazard
- They don’t know what type of PPE to use
- They’re dealing with a new substance, procedure, or piece of equipment
- Something seems wrong, but they are not sure what
Take near misses seriously
Near misses should be taken as a warning that something’s wrong and needs to be corrected. According to the National Safety Council, 75 percent of all accidents are preceded by one or more near misses.
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